Battle of Stalingrad summary
The battle took place between August 23, 1942 and February 2, 1943. It cost nearly two million casualties (in both sides). After the battle the German army never recovered it's earlier strength, and attained no further strategic victories in the East.
- By November 1942 the German 6th Army had captured 90% of the city. The remaining Soviet forces were left into two narrow pockets. The German northern flank was defended by Hungarian, and Romanian units. The southern flank was held by the Romanians. All non German forces were ill trained, equipped and led.
- On 19 November 1942, the Red Army unleashed Operation Uranus. Soviet armies met at Kalach surrounding the Germans.
- Army Group Hoth tried to relieve them but failed.
- The 6th Army was pushed out of the city suburbs and into the city loosing it's airfields and the inadequate supplies it received from them. On February 2, 1943 the last starving men of the 6th surrendered.